Language Structure Problems


Examine [s] and [t]

Note that [S] is a voiceless alveopalatal fricative as in English sheep/.
[ts] is an alveolar affricative, sort of like the middle consonant in 'pizza'.
[tS] is an alveopalatal affricate as in English 'cheap'.

1. [Sitsure] rudeness
2. [te] hand
3. [kata] person
4. [itSi] one
5. [Simasu] doing
6. [san] three
7. [suru] to do
8. [tako] octapus
9. [tSitSi] my father
10. [aSi] leg/foot
11. [natsu] summer
12. [tsu] steal
13. [saru] monkey
14. [isu] chair
15. [ite] be
16. [wataSi] I
17. [kasa] umbrella
18. [tsuru] crane
19. [tomodatSi] friend
20. [hatSi] eight

/s/ and /t/ contrast. They are different phonemes: note the pair found in 3 and 17: /kasa/ and /kata/.

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Update Fall: 2020