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Language Structure Problems

Witches Part 2

Examine the following (second half of ) the data from the Witches, spoken by characters created by Roald Dahl. Then answer the questions.

9. azam - failure

10. klar - child

11. namfet - goddess

12. zenit - spell

13. twiN - victory

14. aS - wine

15. muta - plan

16. oel - choice

17. namaS - poison

18. azemi - failures

19. kleri - children

20. zeniti - spells

21. namfiti - goddesses

22. twiNi victories

23. eSi - wines

24. mutei - plans

25. oili - choices

26. namESi - poisons

1. If you have not done so before, determine the plural morpheme.

Some of the roots of these words are different in the singular than they are in the plural. their meaning does not change but their forms do change when you add that plural. You can call these two systematically changing forms 'allomorphs' of the same morpheme.

2. Each word in the list above has two allomorphs: one that occurs regularly and the other that occurs when you add the plural. For each word, list its two forms.

What you list in 2 are the allmoprphs of that word. Remember that to be any kind of morphemic constituent: morpheme or allomorph, the form has to have meaning. So, just to be clear, the allomorphs for number 9 above are not 'a' and 'e'. 'a' and 'e' don't have menaing unto themselves.

3. If a word has two vowels in it in the singular, which vowel will change when the plural is added?

4. Describe the pattern. How does adding that plural suffix impact the root of the noun?

Go back to the first 'Witch Language' assignment. find those data and add them to your consideration. Here's the link to those data .

5. Now describe the pattern again, taking these new forms into account.

Get the answer and Move to the next Question
Updated: Sept 22, 2012