Language Structure Problems

Hawaiian Plurals

A small set of Hawaiian nouns make their plurals as shown below.
Note that in written Hawaiian, : indicates vowel length and ' indicates a glottal stop.

1. kupuna; ancestor
ku:puna ancestors

2. kahuna; priest
ka:huna priests

makua; parent
ma:kua parents

wahine woman
wa:hine; women

kaikamahine; girl
kaikama:hine; girls

1. Describe specifically how these plurals are formed.

2. The noun "kanaka" (person) forms its plural in the same way. What, then, is the plural form of "kanaka"?