Language Structure Problems
Examine the data from spanish below and answer the questions.
D refers to a voiced interdental fricative
G refers to a voiced velar fricative
1. [grita] - cry out
2. [siGa] - follow!
3. [dia] - day
5. [gol] - goal
6. [tigre] - tiger
7. [daDo] - given
8. [adriana] - Adrianna
9. [banda] - band
10.[aGua] - water
11. [sangre] - blood
12. [gia] - guide
For all questions below, explain. give minimal pairs, explain distributions, demonstrate what you mean.
- 1. What is the status of [d] and [g] in the data above?
- 2. What is the status of [d] and [g] in standard English?
- 3. What is the status of [d] and [D] in the data above?
- 4. What is the status of [d] and [D] in standard English?
- 5. What is the status of [g] and [G] in the data above?
- 6. Based on these findings, what (if anything) might you guess about Spanish [b]? why?
- 7. Based on these findings, what (if anything) might you guess about Spanish [p]? why?
- 8. Based on these findings, which word(s) below might a spanish speaker have the most trouble pronouncing with a standard english accent. Explain how the data lead you to any determination you might make. If there are some words the data do not address, say so. Note that you do not have to comment on anything beyond the consonants we have examined here: that is, there is no need to address vowel quality or syllable structure for example. Words below are written in standard English orthography.